Hermann Goering Inhaltsverzeichnis
Hermann Wilhelm Göring war ein führender deutscher nationalsozialistischer Politiker. Ab Mai war er Oberbefehlshaber der Luftwaffe. Ab / übernahm er die Führung der deutschen Wirtschaft und das Reichswirtschaftsministerium. Hermann Wilhelm Göring (* Januar in Rosenheim; † Oktober in Nürnberg) war ein führender deutscher nationalsozialistischer Politiker. NS-Politiker. Januar: Hermann Göring wird als Sohn des Juristen und hochrangigen Kolonialbeamten Heinrich Göring und dessen Ehefrau Franziska. Göring, Hermann Wilhelm. nationalsozialistischer Politiker, Oberbefehlshaber der Luftwaffe, * Rosenheim (Oberbayern), † Nürnberg. Hermann Göring - der Brutale | Hermann Göring kommt innerhalb der NSDAP gleich an zweiter Stelle nach Hitler. Nach außen hin wirkt er lebensfroh. Dahinter.
Hermann Göring - der Brutale | Hermann Göring kommt innerhalb der NSDAP gleich an zweiter Stelle nach Hitler. Nach außen hin wirkt er lebensfroh. Dahinter. Hermann Wilhelm Göring war ein führender deutscher nationalsozialistischer Politiker. Ab Mai war er Oberbefehlshaber der Luftwaffe. Ab / übernahm er die Führung der deutschen Wirtschaft und das Reichswirtschaftsministerium. Hermann Göring. deutscher Politiker (NSDAP), MdR, Reichstagspräsident, Reichsmarschall (). Sprache · Beobachten · Bearbeiten · 5 Änderungen.
Hermann Goering - NavigationsmenüWarum schickte die Army einen gestandenen Brigadegeneral und stellvertretenden Divisionskommandeur, um einen feisten deutschen Pharmavertreter festzunehmen? Die Trauung wurde am 3. Göring immatrikulierte sich an der Universität München , um ab Winter  Geschichte, Volkswirtschaft und Staatswissenschaften zu studieren. Angeklagte im Nürnberger Prozess gegen die Hauptkriegsverbrecher. An Stelle der bisherigen organisierten Hundertschaften traten Sturmkompanien in der unteren Struktur — diese wurden in der höheren zu Sturmbataillonen und Sturmregimentern zusammengefasst. Mit Emmy hatte er eine Tochter, Edda Göring — Juli belegt, dessen Echtheit er auch im Nürnberger Prozess bestätigte. Mai nach Augsburg geflogen, wo er in einem Internierungslager der Amerikaner im Stadtteil Bärenkeller zehn Tage lang u. In https://american-crush.co/serien-stream-seiten/pro7-heute.php Funktion setzte er das Reichsjagdgesetz vom 3. Mai gab Göring im Hauptquartier der 7. Link wieder verlassen. März: Der kurz zuvor zum Generalbevollmächtigten für den Arbeitseinsatz go here Fritz Sauckel wird von Göring mit Vollmachten ausgestattet, die ihm die bedenkenlose Ausnutzung der russischen Zivilbevölkerung und der Kriegsgefangenen für die deutsche Industrie erlauben. Hitler veranlasst daraufhin die Verhaftung Görings, seine Enthebung aus allen Ämtern und seinen Parteiausschluss. Er verabschiedete sich von Hitler mit der Begründung, dass in Süddeutschland wichtige Read article auf ihn warteten.
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Three were possible and 17 were certain, or highly likely. In the last days of the war, Göring was repeatedly ordered to withdraw his squadron, first to Tellancourt airdrome, then to Darmstadt.
At one point, he was ordered to surrender the aircraft to the Allies; he refused. Many of his pilots intentionally crash-landed their planes to keep them from falling into enemy hands.
Like many other German veterans, Göring was a proponent of the Stab-in-the-back legend , the belief which held that the German Army had not really lost the war, but instead was betrayed by the civilian leadership: Marxists, Jews, and especially the Republicans , who had overthrown the German monarchy.
Göring remained in aviation after the war. He tried barnstorming and briefly worked at Fokker. After spending most of living in Denmark , he moved to Sweden and joined Svensk Lufttrafik , a Swedish airline.
Göring was often hired for private flights. During the winter of —, he was hired by Count Eric von Rosen to fly him to his castle from Stockholm.
Invited to spend the night, Göring may at this time have first seen the swastika emblem, which Rosen had set in the chimney piece as a family badge.
Estranged from her husband of ten years, she had an eight-year-old son. Göring was immediately infatuated and asked her to meet him in Stockholm.
They arranged a visit at the home of her parents and spent much time together through , when Göring left for Munich to take political science at the university.
Carin obtained a divorce, followed Göring to Munich, and married him on 3 February Göring joined the Nazi Party in after hearing a speech by Hitler.
I liked him. I made him the head of my SA. He is the only one of its heads that ran the SA properly. I gave him a dishevelled rabble. In a very short time he had organised a division of 11, men.
Hitler and the Nazi Party held mass meetings and rallies in Munich and elsewhere during the early s, attempting to gain supporters in a bid for political power.
Göring, who was with Hitler leading the march to the War Ministry, was shot in the groin. He remained in hospital until 24 December.
The Görings—acutely short of funds and reliant on the good will of Nazi sympathizers abroad—moved from Austria to Venice. In May they visited Rome, via Florence and Siena.
Göring met Mussolini, who expressed an interest in meeting Hitler, who was by then in prison. Personal problems continued to multiply.
By , Carin's mother was ill. Göring had become a violent morphine addict; Carin's family were shocked by his deterioration.
Carin, who was ill with epilepsy and a weak heart, had to allow the doctors to take charge of Göring; her son was taken by his father.
He returned to Germany when an amnesty was declared in and resumed working in the aircraft industry. Meanwhile, the Nazi Party was in a period of rebuilding and waiting.
The economy had recovered, which meant fewer opportunities for the Nazis to agitate. Membership in the party increased from 27, in to , in and , in In the May elections the Nazi Party only obtained 12 seats out of an available in the Reichstag.
In the July election , the Nazis won seats to become far and away the largest party in the Reichstag. By longstanding tradition, the Nazis were thus entitled to select the President of the Reichstag, and elected Göring to the post.
The Reichstag fire occurred on the night of 27 February Göring was one of the first to arrive on the scene.
Marinus van der Lubbe —a Communist radical—was arrested and claimed sole responsibility for the fire. Göring immediately called for a crackdown on Communists.
The Nazis took advantage of the fire to advance their own political aims. The Reichstag Fire Decree , passed the next day on Hitler's urging, suspended basic rights and allowed detention without trial.
Activities of the German Communist Party were suppressed, and some 4, Party members were arrested. Shirer and Alan Bullock , are of the opinion that the Nazi Party itself was responsible for starting the fire.
At the Nuremberg trials , General Franz Halder testified that Göring admitted responsibility for starting the fire. He said that, at a luncheon held on Hitler's birthday in , Göring said, "The only one who really knows about the Reichstag is I, because I set it on fire!
During the early s, Göring was often in the company of Emmy Sonnemann , an actress from Hamburg. A large reception was held the night before at the Berlin Opera House.
Fighter aircraft flew overhead on the night of the reception and the day of the ceremony,  at which Hitler was best man.
When Hitler was named chancellor of Germany in January , Göring was appointed as minister without portfolio , Minister of the Interior for Prussia, and Reich Commissioner of Aviation.
Frick and head of the Schutzstaffel SS Heinrich Himmler hoped to create a unified police force for all of Germany, but Göring on 30 November established a Prussian police force, with Rudolf Diels at its head.
The force was called the Geheime Staatspolizei , or Gestapo. Göring, thinking that Diels was not ruthless enough to use the Gestapo effectively to counteract the power of the SA, handed over control of the Gestapo to Himmler on 20 April Hitler was deeply concerned that Ernst Röhm , the chief of the SA, was planning a coup.
Enraged, Hitler ordered the arrest of the SA leadership. Röhm was shot dead in his cell when he refused to commit suicide; Göring personally went over the lists of detainees—numbering in the thousands—and determined who else should be shot.
At least 85 people were killed in the period of 30 June to 2 July, which is now known as the Night of the Long Knives.
A retroactive law was passed making the action legal. Any criticism was met with arrests. One of the terms of the Treaty of Versailles , which had been in place since the end of World War I, stated that Germany was not allowed to maintain an air force.
After the signing of the Kellogg—Briand Pact , police aircraft were permitted. Göring was appointed Air Traffic Minister in May Germany began to accumulate aircraft in violation of the Treaty, and in the existence of the Luftwaffe was formally acknowledged,  with Göring as Reich Aviation Minister.
During a cabinet meeting in September , Göring and Hitler announced that the German rearmament programme must be sped up. Göring created a new organisation to administer the Plan and drew the ministries of labour and agriculture under its umbrella.
He bypassed the economics ministry in his policy-making decisions, to the chagrin of Hjalmar Schacht , the minister in charge.
Huge expenditures were made on rearmament, in spite of growing deficits. In this way, both of these institutions were brought under Göring's control under the auspices of the Four Year Plan.
Göring had acted as witness at Blomberg's wedding to Margarethe Gruhn, a year-old typist, on 12 January Information received from the police showed that the young bride was a prostitute.
Blomberg was forced to resign. Göring did not want Fritsch to be appointed to that position and thus be his superior.
Several days later, Heydrich revealed a file on Fritsch that contained allegations of homosexual activity and blackmail. The charges were later proven to be false, but Fritsch had lost Hitler's trust and was forced to resign.
Göring asked for the post of War Minister, but was turned down; he was appointed to the rank of Generalfeldmarschall.
Hitler took over as supreme commander of the armed forces and created subordinate posts to head the three main branches of service.
As minister in charge of the Four Year Plan, Göring became concerned with the lack of natural resources in Germany, and began pushing for Austria to be incorporated into the Reich.
The province of Styria had rich iron ore deposits, and the country as a whole was home to many skilled labourers that would also be useful.
Hitler had always been in favour of a takeover of Austria, his native country. He met the Austrian Chancellor Kurt Schuschnigg on 12 February , threatening invasion if peaceful unification was not forthcoming.
The Nazi Party was made legal in Austria to gain a power base, and a referendum on reunification was scheduled for March. When Hitler did not approve of the wording of the plebiscite, Göring telephoned Schuschnigg and Austrian head of state Wilhelm Miklas to demand Schuschnigg's resignation, threatening invasion by German troops and civil unrest by the Austrian Nazi Party members.
Schuschnigg resigned on 11 March and the plebiscite was cancelled. By the next morning, German troops that had been massing on the border marched into Austria, meeting no resistance.
Although Joachim von Ribbentrop had been named Foreign Minister in February , Göring continued to involve himself in foreign affairs.
Neville Chamberlain was in favour of a meeting, and there was talk of a pact being signed between Britain and Germany.
In February , Göring visited Warsaw to quell rumours about the upcoming invasion of Poland. He had conversations with the Hungarian government that summer as well, discussing their potential role in an invasion of Czechoslovakia.
At the Nuremberg Rally that September, Göring and other speakers denounced the Czechs as an inferior race that must be conquered.
Although many in the party disliked him,  before the war Göring enjoyed widespread personal popularity among the German public because of his perceived sociability, colour and humour.
The Nazi press was on Göring's side. Other leaders, such as Hess and Ribbentrop, were envious of his popularity.
Göring and other senior officers were concerned that Germany was not yet ready for war, but Hitler insisted on pushing ahead as soon as possible.
With the help of the Luftwaffe, the Polish Air Force was defeated within a week. As a result of this promotion, he was the highest-ranking soldier in Germany until the end of the war.
The UK had declared war on Germany immediately after the invasion of Poland. In July , Hitler began preparations for an invasion of Britain.
Bombing raids commenced on British air installations and on cities and centres of industry. The campaign failed, and Sea Lion was postponed indefinitely on 17 September On 12 October Hitler cancelled Sea Lion due to the onset of winter.
Initially the Luftwaffe was at an advantage, destroying thousands of Soviet aircraft in the first month of fighting.
The choice was made to concentrate the attack on only one part of the vast front; efforts would be directed at capturing Moscow.
Hitler did not give permission for even a partial retreat until mid-January ; by this time the losses were comparable to those of the French invasion of Russia in Hitler decided that the summer campaign would be concentrated in the south; efforts would be made to capture the oilfields in the Caucasus.
When the Sixth Army was surrounded by the end of November in Operation Uranus , Göring promised that the Luftwaffe would be able to deliver a minimum of tons of supplies to the trapped men every day.
On the basis of these assurances, Hitler demanded that there be no retreat; they were to fight to the last man.
Though some airlifts were able to get through, the amount of supplies delivered never exceeded tons per day. Meanwhile, the strength of the US and British bomber fleets had increased.
Based in Britain, they began operations against German targets. The first thousand-bomber raid was staged on Cologne on 30 May Göring refused to believe reports that American fighters had been shot down as far east as Aachen in winter His reputation began to decline.
From that point onwards, the Luftwaffe began to suffer casualties in aircrews it could not sufficiently replace. By targeting oil refineries and rail communications, Allied bombers crippled the German war effort by late As the Soviets approached Berlin, Hitler's efforts to organise the defence of the city became ever more meaningless and futile.
By this time, Göring's hunting lodge Carinhall had been evacuated, the building destroyed,  and its art treasures moved to Berchtesgaden and elsewhere.
Sensing its implications, Koller immediately flew to Berchtesgaden to notify Göring of this development. A week after the start of the Soviet invasion, Hitler had issued a decree naming Göring his successor in the event of his death, thus codifying the declaration he had made soon after the beginning of the war.
The decree also gave Göring full authority to act as Hitler's deputy if Hitler ever lost his freedom of action.
Göring feared being branded a traitor if he tried to take power, but also feared being accused of dereliction of duty if he did nothing.
After some hesitation, Göring reviewed his copy of the decree naming him Hitler's successor. After conferring with Koller and Hans Lammers the state secretary of the Reich Chancellery , Göring concluded that by remaining in Berlin to face certain death, Hitler had incapacitated himself from governing.
All agreed that under the terms of the decree, it was incumbent upon Göring to take power in Hitler's stead. With this in mind, Göring sent a carefully worded telegram asking Hitler for permission to take over as the leader of Germany, stressing that he would be acting as Hitler's deputy.
He added that, if Hitler did not reply by that night 23 April , he would assume that Hitler had indeed lost his freedom of action, and would assume leadership of the Reich.
The telegram was intercepted by Bormann, who convinced Hitler that Göring was a traitor. Bormann argued that Göring's telegram was not a request for permission to act as Hitler's deputy, but a demand to resign or be overthrown.
Göring duly resigned. Afterwards, Hitler or Bormann, depending on the source ordered the SS to place Göring, his staff, and Lammers under house arrest at Obersalzberg.
By 26 April, the complex at Obersalzberg was under attack by the Allies, so Göring was moved to his castle at Mauterndorf.
In his last will and testament , Hitler expelled Göring from the party, formally rescinded the decree making him his successor, and upbraided Göring for "illegally attempting to seize control of the state.
Hitler and his wife, Eva Braun , committed suicide on 30 April , a few hours after a hastily arranged wedding. And do you think I would have handed Himmler over to the enemy, guilty as he was?
Dammit, I would have liquidated the bastard myself! Chromosomes are funny things, aren't they? They may skip a generation and you can find children who resemble the grandfather, rather than either parent.
Heredity is more important than environment. Blood will tell. For example, a man is either musical by heredity or he is not. You can't make a man musical by the environment.
You can find a person who is very musically inclined and be puzzled because neither parents nor grandparents had any ear for music. But if you trace it back, you will find that the great-grandfather was a musician.
But the environment plays a great part in the development of a man. It is significant whether a man is brought up in the city or in the country, near a lake or on the shores of the ocean.
Besides, Bolshevism is something that stifles individualism and which is against my inner nature.
Bolshevism is worse than National Socialism — in fact, it can't be compared to it. Bolshevism is against private property, and I am all in favor of private property.
Bolshevism is barbaric and crude, and I am fully convinced that that atrocities committed by the Nazis, which incidentally I knew nothing about, were not nearly as great or as cruel as those committed by the Communists.
I hate the Communists bitterly because I hate the system. The delusion that all men are equal is ridiculous. I feel that I am superior to most Russians, not only because I am a German but because my cultural and family background are superior.
How ironic it is that crude Russian peasants who wear the uniforms of generals now sit in judgment on me.
No matter how educated a Russian might be, he is still a barbaric Asiatic. Secondly, the Russian generals and the Russian government planned a war against Germany because we represented a threat to them ideologically.
In the German state, I was the chief opponent of Communism. I admit freely and proudly that it was I who created the first concentration camps in order to put Communists in them.
Did I ever tell you that funny story about how I sent to Spain a ship containing mainly bricks and stones, under which I put a single layer of ammunition which had been ordered by the Red government in Spain?
The purpose of that ship was to supply the waning Red government with munitions. That was a good practical joke and I am proud of it because I wanted with all my heart to see Russian Communism in Spain defeated finally.
Etiam egestas wisi a erat. Morbi imperdiet, mauris ac auctor dictum. Altre 16 frasi. Autori simili Joseph Göbbels 15 politico e giornalista tedesco.
Erwin Rommel 9 generale tedesco. Dietrich Bonhoeffer 25 teologo tedesco. Hermann Göring was born in Rosenheim, Bavaria , in Germany and was brought up near Nürnberg , in the small castle of Veldenstein.
Hermann Göring is known for being one of the primary architects of the Third Reich Nazi police state —45 in Germany. Hermann Göring committed suicide by ingesting poison on October 15, , after the International Military Tribunal at Nürnberg had condemned him to hang as a war criminal for his actions as part of the Nazi regime during World War II.
Göring was born in Bavaria , the second son by the second wife of Heinrich Ernst Göring, at the time German consul general in Haiti.
Trained for an army career, Göring received his commission in and served with distinction during World War I , joining the embryonic air force.
In he became commander of the celebrated squadron in which the great German aviator Manfred, Freiherr baron von Richthofen , had served.
After a period as a commercial pilot in Denmark and Sweden, he met the Swedish baroness Carin von Kantzow, who divorced her husband and married Göring in Munich on February 3, Göring took part in the abortive Beer Hall Putsch of November , in which Hitler tried to seize power prematurely.
During the putsch, Göring was badly wounded in the groin. His arrest was ordered, but he escaped with his wife into Austria.
In he returned to Germany, where his contacts in German industry proved useful, and he was taken back into the party leadership.
He occupied 1 of the 12 Reichstag seats that the Nazi Party won in the election. Thereafter Göring became the acknowledged party leader in the lower house, and, when the Nazis won seats in the election of July , he was elected president of the Reichstag.
He had the ear of the year-old president of the Weimar Republic , Paul von Hindenburg , and used his position to outmaneuver the successive chancellors, particularly Kurt von Schleicher and Franz von Papen , until Hindenburg was finally forced to invite Hitler to become chancellor on January 30, The battle for dictatorial power, however, was still not won; between January 30 and March 23, when an enabling bill giving Hitler his dictatorial powers was passed, Göring was tirelessly active.
The wholesale arrest of Communist and even some Social Democrat deputies succeeded in removing any effective opposition to the passage the following month of the Enabling Act.
He collected offices of state almost at will. He was Reich commissioner for aviation and head of the newly developed Luftwaffe , the German air force, which was disguised as a civilian enterprise until March